Squat 101


Today’s #TrainingTips post is all about one of my favourite exercises ‘THE SQUAT’.

Many people have a love hate relationship with squats, they know they’re good for them and they should be doing them, but some how don’t manage to build a strong relationship with the squat rack.  It’s a sad day when you’re benching more then you’re squatting and I see it more often than not!

I love the squat, I probably wouldn’t say it at the time, but there is something intrinsic that feels so good having a heavy bar on your back and squatting down and then standing up again.

What are the benefits of a squat?

The squatting movement when analyzed has close specificity to many everyday tasks, such as lifting packages and picking up your children.  Research has also shown that the squat has an indirect correlation to countless other chores and hobbies that you do everyday.

A majority of daily activities necessitate the simultaneous coordinated interaction of numerous muscle groups, which the squat is considered one of the best exercises for improving quality of life because of its ability to recruit multiple muscle groups in a single maneuver.  The squat and its benefits not only mimic everyday tasks, but squats have biomechanical and neuromuscular similarities to a wide range of athletic movements, which is why squats are included as a core exercise in many sports programmes designed to enhance athletic performance.

The squat also benefits people after joint-related injuries by strengthening the lower-body muscles and connective tissues.  As well as being used for treatment of ligament lesions, patellofemoral dysfunctions, total joint replacements, ankle instability and rehabilitation of ACL injuries.

Hopefully the squat is starting to sound a little more beneficial and worth taking the time to learn it properly.


So how do we squat?

The squat begins with an upright position, with knees and hips fully extended (standing up basically).  You then squat down by bending (flexing) at the hip, knee, and ankle joints, down to the desired squat depth.  Then you reverse the direction and stand back to the upright position again, BOOM!! You’ve just done a squat.


What are working during a squat? 

The squat is a hugely dynamic movement and recruits most of the lower-body musculature, including the quadriceps femoris, gluteus maximus, hip extensors, hip adductors, hip abductors, and triceps surae.

But whilst the lower-body is doing all the work the rest of you has not gone to sleep.  The rest of you has actually got to work really hard to support and stabilize your trunk and posture, the muscles doing this include the abdominals, erector spinae, trapezius, rhomboids, and many others.  It is also estimated that over 200 muscles are activated during a squat.

Some research has also shown that the exercises that cause the greatest activation of the truck muscles are actually the squat and deadlift, and when you see the activation levels compared to your tradition abs workouts, it definitely makes you rethink your training.

Everyone also seems to be focused on getting their ass to the grass and truth be told many people lack the mobility to get down there without causes lumber flexion.  Yes the deeper you go the more glute activation to get, but I would much rather see a quality squat to a depth where you’re comfortable and not flexing your lumber spine.

Squat 101

Image Source: https://firstpull.net/2013/11/08/ask-first-pull-fridays-should-the-knees-be-pushed-out-in-the-squat/


Some people do find squatting uncomfortable due to mobility issues, but just like anything, you can build your way up to full squatting.  Just because you can’t squat today doesn’t mean you won’t ever be able to squat.  There are plenty of modifications that can be made, which will point you in the right direction toward squatting properly and consulting a good coach is a great place to start.


It’s another bank holiday weekend again, so make sure you enjoy it guys. 


Stay strong and live, love and laugh!






Caterisano, A., Moss, R., Pellinger, T., Woodruff, K., Lewis, V., Booth, W. and Khadra, T. (2002) ‘The Effect of Back Squat Depth on the EMG Activity of 4 Superficial Hip and Thigh Muscles’, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research vol. 16, no. 3.

McBride, J. (2006) ‘New Training Techniques’ Neuromuscular Laboratory, Appalachian State University.

Schoenfeld, B. (2010) ‘Squatting Kinematics and Kinetics and Their Application to Exercise Performance’, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 3497-3506.


This website offers health, fitness and nutrition information designed for educational purposes only.  You should not rely on this information as a substitute for, nor does it replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.  The owner will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. The owner will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information.  Any images displayed have been done so identifying the source from where it was found.  Prior to use all images will have undergone detailed search to source the ownership of said image/s so to credit their work.  Any breaches of copyright or licence agreements will have been done so outside of the website owners knowledge and is happy the credit the original owners work or remove any image/s that do not wish to be displayed.

Leave A Response

* Denotes Required Field